Elephants in Danger
In the past 100 years, the Asian elephant population has declined by 90%; the extent of their available habitat has shrunk by 95% in the same time. The Asian Elephant Foundation is fighting for the conservation of this magnificent animal.
Only 25.000 - 35.000 Asian elephants remain in the wild, down from approximately 200,000 a century ago, in a patchwork of isolated forests. There are also approximately 15.000 Asian elephants living in captivity.
At current trends, the Asian elephant could be extinct within the next thirty years. The range of the Asian elephant once stretched from the far corners of China to Syria, covering at least 3.5 million square miles - the size of Canada. It has shrunk to some 170,000 square miles - less than the size of Spain.
Asian elephants live in large blocks of forest near water sources and grasslands. They inhabit India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (Burma), Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Bangladesh and southern China.
Elephants are vegetarians. They consume around 200 kg of food a day and are the largest consumers of plants among all terrestrial animals. Their favourite foods are banana, bamboo and sugarcane. In the wild, Asian elephants live up to about 60 years.